Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) resembles type 2 DM in several respects, involving a combination of relatively inadequate insulin secretion and responsiveness. It occurs in about 2–10% of all pregnancies and may improve or disappear after delivery.  However, after pregnancy approximately 5–10% of women with gestational diabetes are found to have diabetes mellitus, most commonly type 2.  Gestational diabetes is fully treatable, but requires careful medical supervision throughout the pregnancy. Management may include dietary changes, blood glucose monitoring, and in some cases, insulin may be required.
the form of cell damage caused by the "excitotoxins," glutamic
and aspartic acids, the damage seems to require both stimulation, and
difficulty in maintaining adequate energy production. This combination
leads to both calcium uptake and lipid peroxidation. When cells
are de-energized, they tend to activate iron by chemical reduction,
producing lipid peroxidation. This could explain the presence
of chemically active iron, but an actual increase in the iron concentration
suggests that there has been prolonged injury (oxidative stress) to
the cell, with increased production of the heme group, which binds iron.